Epoxy Floor Coating Guide: Types, Advantages, and Uses


Epoxy Floor Coating Overview | Utility Significance Explained

Tired of dealing with floors that wear out or get damaged easily? Whether looking for residential, industrial, or commercial needs— Epoxy floor coating are best for all. It is basically a synthetic resin floor system comprising multiple layers of thermosetting resin that are coated, trowelled, or poured and applied onto a concrete substrate. Once completely cured, the system provides a protective barrier against heavy traffic, impact, and chemicals by forming a strong and permanent bond. With customizable options for colours, patterns, and finishes, epoxy coatings offer a versatile and long-lasting solution.

The following guide can be very helpful to you if you are considering this type of floor coating for your property. Let’s discuss the top options, their advantages & uses and other important aspects in detail!

Top 5 Popular Types of Epoxy Flooring

The varieties of options available in Epoxy flooring are many. Below, we have compiled a list of the most sought-after Epoxy types. Have a look:

  1. Self-Levelling Epoxy Flooring

It is a popular choice for settings where smooth and uniform finishes are required the most. Unlike traditional epoxies that require careful spreading, this innovative formula flows and smooths itself out after being poured.  

The liquid-rich consistency of this SL epoxy minimizes the need for manual work and allows for thin applications (1-3mm) that provide a rich and high-gloss finish.  This simplifies installation and offers superior levelling, which is ideal for flatness-critical areas. 

  1. Epoxy Terrazzo Flooring 

It is made with a mixture of coloured epoxy and selected aggregates such as marble, granite, etc. Once the mixture is set, it is grounded and polished which overall delivers a hard-wearing floor finish. 

This type of flooring is decorative, durable, and requires minimal maintenance. The lifespan of Terrazzo epoxy floor coating can be up to 40 years with proper care.

  1. Epoxy Flake Flooring

Epoxy flake flooring involves applying a base coat of epoxy onto the floor and then broadcasting vinyl flakes over it while the epoxy is still wet. Once the base coat cures, a clear topcoat is applied to seal the flakes. 

The overall process yields an attractive floor finish that’s easy to maintain and withstand heavy foot traffic and chemicals.  Ideal for a range of residential garages, commercial spaces, and industrial settings where a durable and attractive flooring solution is desired.

  1. Quartz Epoxy Flooring

In this type of flooring, the epoxy resin with quartz aggregate is mixed together. This combination creates a durable and resilient floor surface that is highly resistant to abrasion, chemicals, and UV exposure. With a wide range of coloured quartz chips available, you can create unique patterns, logos, or even a terrazzo-like effect.

  1. Epoxy Antistatic Flooring

Epoxy antistatic flooring is best if you want to prevent electrostatic charge buildup on the floor surface. Compliant with industry standards like ANSI/ESDS2020 and IEC 61340-4-1, these floor systems safely dissipate static charge to designated grounding points. It’s highly recommended to use an epoxy floor treated with an anti-static solution in areas where combustible products are present like laboratories.

Advantages of Using Epoxy Floor Coating

  1. Highly Heat Resistance

Once cured, epoxy floor coating and covering exhibit a degree of heat resistance. Standard epoxy can typically stand against up to 200 degrees Fahrenheit temperatures. Conversely, from premium-grade epoxy formulations, you can expect heat resistance greater than that of standard ones.

  1. Water Repellant

Epoxy floor coating possesses remarkable water-repellent properties, forming a seamless barrier that effectively repels water and prevents moisture penetration. This feature safeguards the substrate from water damage and inhibits mold, mildew, and bacteria growth.

  1. Cost-Effective Solution

Unlike other flooring options, epoxy coatings can be relatively inexpensive to install. Their coating can be applied directly over existing concrete substrates, which reduces the need for costly demolition and disposal.

  1. Easy to Clean

These floor coatings are resistant to stains, chemicals and moisture. So, it automatically reduces the need for expensive cleaning products and labour-intensive cleaning processes.

  1. Reduced Downtime

Downtime for the space is minimized when you choose epoxy flooring over other types. The epoxy coating application and cured time is rapid, which means less disruption to business operations.

Uses of Epoxy Coating

These floor coatings are versatile and suitable for a wide range of applications where durability, ease of maintenance and hygiene are important considerations. Below are some of the common uses:

  • Industrial facilities
  • Commercial spaces
  • Residential garages
  • Food and beverage industry
  • Healthcare facilities
  • Aircraft hangars and aerospace facilities
  • Showrooms and retail spaces

Improper Epoxy Flooring Installation Consequences

Below are some of the top consequences that you might encounter when the installation of epoxy flooring is done improperly. Have a look:

  1. Shortened Lifespan

Unsurprisingly, a poorly installed epoxy floor coating and covering won’t have the expected lifespan compared to a properly installed one. Because it may cause premature replacement or frequent repairs, which can be more time-consuming and costly.

  1. Surface Imperfections

Applying epoxy flooring in an unprofessional way can result in surface imperfections, such as unevenness, roughness, and bumps. All these together contribute negatively to spoiling the charm and functionality of the floor.

  1. Staining and Discoloration

Using inferior-quality materials and inadequate surface preparation can cause epoxy discoloration, staining or yellowing over time. To avoid these, make sure to hire a professional.

  1. Weakness to Chemicals and Abrasions

Improperly installed epoxy coating is more susceptible to damage from chemicals, abrasions, and impacts. In this way, the durability and protective qualities of the floor are completely compromised.

  1. Moisture Issues

Insufficient moisture mitigation or improper sealing of the concrete substrate can lead to moisture-related problems such as blistering and bubbling. In this case, your epoxy won’t last longer against moisture.

  1. Safety Hazards

Uneven or slippery surfaces resulting from improper installation can pose safety hazards such as slips, trips, and falls. Here, the risk of accidents and injuries in the space is likely higher.

  1. Poor Adhesion and Debonding

This is one of the biggest drawbacks you will face in case of improper installation! If the epoxy doesn’t adhere well to the concrete subsurface. It can peel away in sheets or chunks. This not only looks bad but leaves the underlying concrete exposed and vulnerable.

To avoid these consequences, hire experienced professionals who follow manufacturer guidelines during installation. 

Difference Between Epoxy Flooring and Polyurethane Flooring

Both of these have their own advantages to serve in industrial, commercial and residential applications. Have a look at their key difference for better understanding:

S. No. Aspect Epoxy Flooring Polyurethane Flooring
1. Composition Epoxy resins and hardeners Polyurethane resins
2. Durability Exceptional, resistant to chemicals, abrasions, and impacts Good, flexible and elastic
3. Application Requires multiple layers, short working time Applied in a single layer, longer working time
4. Appearance High-gloss finish, available in various colours, textures, and patterns Glossy finish, less reflective, more natural appearance
5. Chemical Resistance Resistant to harsh chemicals Good resistance to mild chemicals
6. UV Stability May yellow or chalk when exposed to UV light More UV stable, suitable for outdoor applications
7. Common Applications High-traffic areas, industrial facilities Areas with thermal cycling or substrate movement
8. Aesthetic Preference Vibrant and glossy Subdued and natural

After knowing these key differences, you can easily choose between the epoxy coating or polyurethane coating for wood. Consider your personal or business needs and pick the option that suits you best.

Looking for a reputable epoxy supplier company— Choose Chromology Canada. Our selection of premium epoxy products is quite vast to explore. All our products are sourced from authorized dealers such as PUREPOXY, CARBOLINE, NEWGRIND, etc.